In-depth articles

Backgrounder

Violent conflicts and war

Overall violence presents itself as war and violent conflicts but also as violent crime. The module war and violent conflicts will shed light on these three aspects. Read more

Background

Main causes of violent conflict

What is it that makes people wage war? Many people are ready to point the finger (too) quickly at some alleged basic ill that is responsible for all violent conflicts of the present and the past—be it religion, capitalism or the alleged aggressiveness, viciousness and greediness of human nature. Read more

Infotext

Definitions of war and conflict typologies

One can differentiate between quantitative and qualitative approaches to a scientific definition of war. Quantitative definitions of “war” require that the number of direct or indirect deaths caused by violent clashes crosses a certain threshold. Read more

Infotext

Effects of war

There are no real victors in wars as all parties involved have to suffer the consequences with often high numbers of casualties on both sides. Rather than dealing with the consequences resulting from a war and its end, this text will look into its direct effects on people, politics, the economy and the environment. Read more

Infotext

Child soldiers

Millions of children are affected by war and armed violence around the world. Some children are victims of violence, while others are forced to take part in the violence, either by supporting fighting forces or actively fighting. Children who take part in war and armed violence are commonly referred to as “child soldiers.” Read more

Infotext

Sexual violence in armed conflict

Sexual violence in armed conflict has reached epidemic proportions. Evidence from conflicts over the last decade shows that, in some cases, war allows for sexual violence within armed forces (i.e. the military institution of a state) and groups (i.e. groups distinct from the state’s military institution) to remain hidden in the shadows of history, which can translate into the acceptance of post-war sexual violence and impunity for its perpetrators. Read more

Infotext

Violent crime (homicide, robberies)

Violent crime worldwide is characterised by different forms of the use of violence, such as homicide, robberies, hold-ups, abductions, rape, burglaries, car theft or drug-related crime. In Germany, the term ‘violent crime’ (Gewaltdelikte) denotes bodily harm, torture, homicide, robberies and rape. Read more

Infotext

State violence committed against its very population

The European Convention on Human Rights that was ratified by Germany in 1952 and entered into force on 3 September 1953 obliges all states party to the Convention to grant all persons subject to their jurisdiction certain rights and basic freedoms. Read more


Data tables

Data tables

For some select map layers, the information portal ‘War and Peace’ provides the user with all used data sets as tables.

Country reports

Country reports

In the country reports, data and information are collected by country and put into tables that are used in the modules as a basis for maps and illustrations.

Navigation and operation

Navigation and operation

The information and data of each module are primarily made available as selectable map layers and are complemented by texts and graphs. The map layers can be found on the right hand side and are listed according to themes and sub-themes.