This map layer represents the level of militarisation as an index (0-1,000) for 1990 of all available countries, classified in five categories.
Example of how to read the map:
In 1990, Thailand’s military index was 740 points.
The graphics presented show the five countries with the highest and the five countries with the lowest level of militarisation in 1990.
BICC - Bonn International Center for Conversion
BICC is an independent, not-for profit organisation and deals with a wide range of global topics in the field of peace and conflict research centering on Conversion Studies. The Global Militarisation Index (GMI) is calculated by BICC. The GMI depicts the relative weight and importance of the military apparatus of a state compared to society as a whole. The following indicators are taken into account: Military expenditures as a share of GDP and in relation to the health sector, military personnel and reservists in relation to the population and to doctors, and finally the ratio of heavy weapons systems to the population.