This map layer shows the share of conflict resources, grouped according to 'oil and gas', 'diamonds', 'cacao, palm oil and tropical woods' in total imports of a country in 2017, grouped in five categories.
Example of how to read the map:
In Hungary, the share of the conflict resources oil, gas, diamonds, cacao, palm oil and tropical woods in total imports amounts to 4.2 per cent of which 100 per cent is for oil and gas.
ITTO - International Tropical Timber Organization
ITTO is an intergovernmental organization promoting the conservation and sustainable management, use and trade of tropical forest resources; its members are both timber-producing and purchasing countries. It was established in 1986 and is financed via voluntary pledges. ITTO promotes the conservation and sustainable management, use and trade of tropical forest resources. Since 2006, it publishes an annual report on the status of tropical forest management in which information on the area and condition of tropical rain forests and their management are collected. Various organizations criticize the data published by FAOStat and ITTO, pointing out that these are partly wrong, incomplete and not up to date. However, due to the lack of other freely available global data sets, we use these sources of data as a reference nevertheless.
The Kimberley Process or Kimberley Process Certification Scheme has been internationally adopted by governments, companies and civil society to stop the trade in conflict diamonds. The KP was introduced in January 2003 and is supported by the United Nations. The Scheme requires the governments of diamond-producing countries to certify shipments of rough diamonds as ‘conflict-free' and prevent conflict diamonds from entering the legitimate trade. Each rough diamond requires such a certificate of origin and can only be exported into KP member states. This Certification Scheme is one of the few legally-binding regimes regulating the trade in conflict resources. Today, it has 54 participants (the 28 member states of the European Union count as one participant). Every six months, member countries present production data of rough diamonds; every three months, they submit trade data. These data are publicly available on the websites of the Kimberley Rough Diamond Statistics over the years starting with 2004.
UN Comtrade - United Nations Commodity Trade
The UN Comtrade data set contains detailed import and export statistics of more than 200 states and regions. These data have been updated on an annual basis since 1962 and constitute thus one of the most comprehensive datasets on this topic.
WTO - World Trade Organization
The World Trade Organization deals with the rules of trade between nations at a global or near-global level and was established in 1994. It has 162 members (February 2016). Its main tasks are to lower trade barriers and the liberalization of international trade. It collects data on trade from various different sources on an annual basis, unifies and publishes them. Data used in the calculation indicate the total import or export value of a country in US dollars.