CIRI - torture

The Cingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights dataset documents how states deal with human rights, how they adhere to and disregard 15 different human rights worldwide for 1981 to 2011. Based on the reports of the US State Department and Amnesty International, CIRI codes the occurrence of torture in three categories. It records the country in which people are tortured rather than the state that tortured or ordered them to be tortured. Torture is defined as the intentional and targeted infliction of physical or psychological pain by state officials or civilian actors on state orders. As torture is not officially documented or cannot officially be inflicted, data can only be used as guiding values; there are no established data to back this up.


  • [CIRI Human Rights Data Project] (

Buchhandlungen bangen um die Buchpreisbindung

Data tables

For some select map layers, the information portal ‘War and Peace’ provides the user with all used data sets as tables.

More ...
Magnifying Glass in front of a Boston map

Country portraits

In the country reports, data and information are collected by country and put into tables that are used in the modules as a basis for maps and illustrations.

More ...
Compass with Mirror

Navigation and operation

The information and data of each module are primarily made available as selectable map layers and are complemented by texts and graphs. The map layers can be found on the right hand side and are listed according to themes and sub-themes.

More ...