This map layer present the tendencies in militarisation, i.e. the increase and decrease of the level of militarisation (index from 0–1000) from 1990 to 2017 of all available countries, classified in five categories.

The presented graphics show the five countries with the highest decrease and the five countries with the highest increase in militarisation between 1990 and 2017.

This layer only shows data for those countries that already exist since 1990. Countries that were either partitioned or newly formed after 1990 are excluded.

Example of how to read the map:

In the years 1990-2017 the Global Militarization Index for Belgium decreased strongly from 783 to 635 points (-148 points).


  • BICC - Bonn International Center for Conversion

    BICC is an independent, not-for profit organisation and deals with a wide range of global topics in the field of peace and conflict research centering on Conversion Studies. The Global Militarisation Index (GMI) is calculated by BICC. The GMI depicts the relative weight and importance of the military apparatus of a state compared to society as a whole. The following indicators are taken into account: Military expenditures as a share of GDP and in relation to the health sector, military personnel and reservists in relation to the population and to doctors, and finally the ratio of heavy weapons systems to the population.


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Data tables

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Country portraits

In the country reports, data and information are collected by country and put into tables that are used in the modules as a basis for maps and illustrations.

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