This map layer compares military expenditures for 2017 of all available countries to expenditures in the respective social sector (expenditure on health and education added up for the current available years), classified in five categories.

Example of how to read the map:

The ratio of military spending and social spending in Oman is 120%.


  • SIPRI - Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

The open-access Military Expenditures Database by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace and Research Institute) provides latest data on defense expenditures worldwide. The current data, published in 2018, is calculated for the base year 2017 in US-Dollar. Basically, official documents of the respective governments, reports of the UN or NATO or secondary sources like magazines or newspapers are consulted for the annual data. Furthermore, SIPRI carries out its own surveys to complete the data. Since national defense expenditures can be transferred to non-scheduled budgets, they can be difficult to quantify. Hence, SIPRI sometimes reaches its limit with regard to the completeness of the data.

  • WHO - World Health Organization

    The World Health Organization is part of the United Nations. Its duties are technical and advisory support, the setting of normative standards and the assessment of trends in the health sector. It collects data on national governments based on their respective health reports, as well as further information published by governments or ministries. The WHO estimates missing data, when possible. Expenditures on health comprise, for instance, wages for medical staff and materials.

  • The World Bank

    The World Bank, based in Washington, DC, supports developing countries through financial and technical means. Its focus is the sustainable fight against poverty through further education and advisory services. The World Bank has 188 members and is divided into five institutions. It obtains its data on the population from the United Nations. As not all governments provide data on a yearly basis, the United Nations refers to the last official population census as the basis for their estimates. It takes into account the factors of birth- and death rate as well as international migration.


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Data tables

For some select map layers, the information portal ‘War and Peace’ provides the user with all used data sets as tables.

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Country portraits

In the country reports, data and information are collected by country and put into tables that are used in the modules as a basis for maps and illustrations.

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Navigation and operation

The information and data of each module are primarily made available as selectable map layers and are complemented by texts and graphs. The map layers can be found on the right hand side and are listed according to themes and sub-themes.

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