This map layer presents the current peace missions of transnational alliances, except the United Nations, classified in four categories according to actors.
Example of how to read the map:
In Afghanistan, currently there are two non-UN but EU-and NATO-mandated peace missions.
ZIF - Center for International Peace Operations
“ZIF is tasked with strengthening civilian capacities for crisis prevention, conflict resolution, and peacebuilding.”
NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, located in Brussels, is a military-economic-political alliance consisting European and north-american states. It was founded in 1949 under leadership of the United States and has currently 28 member states. While the cold war it was a contrary movement to the Warsaw Pact. Since the end of the cold war the NATO's aim is to strengthen the military, economic, social and cultural cooperation. It participates in different international peacekeeping operations for example in Kosovo and Afghanistan. Critics remark that the NATO has not an international mandate for every operation.
EEAS - European External Action Service
The European External Action Service was founded in context with the “Treaty of Lisbon” as an independent and self-sufficient institution of the EU with the aim of strengthening trade relations. Owing to the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) member states of the European Council can decide among others about common military and civil missions (training-, observation- or police-missions). The EAD coordinates these tasks and furthermore provides information about contingents of each member state.