Production of nuclear material

The metals uranium and plutonium are radioactive chemical elements. Both substances can be extracted in mines, but plutonium can be found extremely rarely in the earth's crust so that it is mostly produced artificially.

Uranium is found in very low concentrations in the ground and in water. The IAEO classes deposits with a high concentration of uranium in 14 different categories. The concentration of uranium ore in rocks fluctuates, and various procedures are used to extract it. Morocco is one of the countries with the largest amount of uranium resources which, however, have not yet been exploited. The largest deposits are found in Australia and Namibia.

Plutonium plays a major role in the building of nuclear weapons. It is found either in the spent fuel elements of nuclear power plants or is especially generated in reprocessing plants. One other possibility of use is the contested blend of plutonium with other oxides of fissile material in mixed oxide (MOX) fuel, which was used in Fukushima. In spacecraft, plutonium can also be found in radionuclide batteries to provide power to satellites and space probes. The danger of this element is not its poisonousness but its radioactivity.

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Data tables

For some select map layers, the information portal ‘War and Peace’ provides the user with all used data sets as tables.

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Country portraits

In the country reports, data and information are collected by country and put into tables that are used in the modules as a basis for maps and illustrations.

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Navigation and operation

The information and data of each module are primarily made available as selectable map layers and are complemented by texts and graphs. The map layers can be found on the right hand side and are listed according to themes and sub-themes.

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