This map layer shows the prevalence of areas between 2015 and 2017 where cannabis, coca and opium were cultivated. Most opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) is cultivated in Afghanistan, Myanmar, Mexico and Laos (altogether 96%). The coca plant (Erythroxylum coca) is mostly cultivated in Colombia, Bolivia and Peru (99%). Countries that only produce small amounts are not listed here.

Example of how to read the map:

In Afghanistan opium was cultivated in 2017.


  • UNODC - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

    The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) publishes the World Drug Report annually. The data in the 2018 Report are mainly based on information provided by the 107 states or territories in the annual report questionnaire (ARQ) between March and December 2017 and that describe the drug situation in 2017. While for Europe (90%) and Asia (63%) the majority of the member countries filed a report, data for North and South America (44%) and for Africa and Oceania (21% respectively) is more incomplete. Lacking or insufficient data have been, when possible, complemented by additional sources.


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Data tables

For some select map layers, the information portal ‘War and Peace’ provides the user with all used data sets as tables.

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Country portraits

In the country reports, data and information are collected by country and put into tables that are used in the modules as a basis for maps and illustrations.

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Navigation and operation

The information and data of each module are primarily made available as selectable map layers and are complemented by texts and graphs. The map layers can be found on the right hand side and are listed according to themes and sub-themes.

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